The human body can be classified into 3 functional parts (Tridoshas) – Vata (Wind), Pitta (Bile) and Kapha (Mucus). It is important to have balance in these Tridoshas to live healthy life. Any imbalance in the body leads to diseases. Kriyas are the yogic techniques to cleanse the internal organs. There are six purification processes (Shat Kriyas) to attain the equilibrium in these Tridoshas:
- Jal Neti: Nasal cleansing
- Dhouti: Cleaning of digestive tract and stomach
- Nauli: Abdominal massage
- Kapalabhati: Purification of frontal lobes and lungs
- Basti: Colon cleansing
- Trataka: Blink-less gazing
1. JAL NETI : This is the process of purifying the nasal passage with the help of salt water. Neti Pot is the specially designed pot used for this purpose.
- Prevents and helps with cold
- Helps in curing sinusitis
- Cures migraine problems, depression, tension, etc
- It makes the breathing easier which improves intake of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide
- The water used should be pure and lukewarm
- People suffering from chronic nose bleeding should not do this without expert supervision
- Always practice Kapalabhati after Neti practice as it helps remove the remaining water content from the nose
2. KAPALABHATI : ‘Kapala’ means skull/head and ‘Bhati’ means shining. This kriya cleanses the impurities of the Kapala region and makes it shine with purity.
- It cures sinusitis
- It helps in curing respiratory disorders like asthma, bronchitis
- It relaxes the facial muscles and nerves
- It makes the lungs strong
- It helps to prevent the aging process
- People suffering from hypertension, gastric ulcers and heart problems should not do Kapalabhati
3. TRATAKA : ‘Trataka’ means to ‘gaze steadily’. In this continuous gazing on the flame of candle is to be done without blinking.
- Helps in curing eye problems and improves eyesight
- Helps in overcoming depression, insomnia, allergy and anxiety problems
- Helps in increasing memory, concentration and will power
- It can be done at any time but the most suitable time is early morning after practice of yogasanas and pranayams.
- Gazing at a ghee lamp is best for Trataka as its flame intensity is very good for the eyes. A candle flame is also useful.
- Initially start with 2-3 minutes and increase the duration up to 10 minutes after a few days.
4. NAULI : ‘Nauli’ kriya helps in cleansing and rejuvenating the whole digestive system. It is a yogic technique of massaging the whole abdomen and stomach by contracting and rolling the abdominal muscles.
- Helps in improving the digestive system
- Improves functioning of liver, spleen and other glands
- Helps in diabetes
- Activates all organs of the abdominal region
- People suffering from high BP, hernia, peptic ulcer and liver problems should avoid it
- Best time to practice is early morning or 6 hours after meals
- Initially start with 2-3 times a day and increase the duration after a few days up to 6 rounds
5. DHOUTI : Dhouti is the process of cleansing the upper intestinal tract up to the stomach. There are three types of Dhouti – Jala Dhouti, Vamana Dhouti, Vastra Dhouti and Danda Dhouti.
- Helps in gastric problem, acidity etc
- Helps in curing asthma
- Activates the digestive fire and helps to develop good appetite
- People suffering from ulcers, heria, heart diseases and hypertension should not perform this kriya
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